Categorized | Bladder Health

Bladder Cancer: Symptoms and Diagnosis

General symptoms of bladder cancer include pain during urination, frequent urination, and blood in the urine. However, these symptoms could also be the result of an infection, benign tumor, bladder stone, or other issue. If you are experiencing these symptoms, see your doctor promptly to receive a diagnosis and treatment. He or she may refer you to an urologist (a doctor who specializes in urinary disease).


If your doctor thinks you may have bladder cancer, he or she will likely check your general health, perform a physical exam (checking the pelvis, rectum or vagina for tumors) and order lab tests. These tests may include:

Urine tests – The urine is checked for cancer cells, blood, or other diseases by a laboratory.

Cystoscopy – The doctor looks directly into the bladder with a thin, lighted tube inserted through the urethra. Anesthesia may be required.

Intravenous pyelogram – Dye is injected into a blood vessel and collects in the urine, allowing the bladder to be viewed via x-ray.

The doctor may perform a biopsy, where he or she removes small tissue samples with the cystoscope. Generally, a biopsy is necessary to determine whether cancer is present.

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