Tag Archive | "bladder infection"

Bladder Infections are Evolving to Defeat Antibiotics

A new study from the University of Washington in Seattle reveals that the bacteria which cause bladder infections are rapidly becoming resistant to the antibiotics most commonly prescribed to eliminate them.

Over a four year period, the proportion of antibiotic-resistant bacteria strains seen in patients has doubled. Considering that 80% of women who experience an infection will have another within around 18 months, it is essential to find antibiotics that can manage the problem.

Researcher Kal Gupta explained that bacteria responsible for urinary tract infections (UTIs) such as E. coli have already developed resistance to antibiotics such as cephalothin and ampicillin. However, even more alarmingly, the results revealed that bacteria are becoming resistant to the remaining effective treatments.

“Of considerably greater concern is the increasing prevalence of resistance to trimethoprim and trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole that we observed,” noted Gupta.

While trimethoprim and trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole were, in 1992, ineffective in 8% of the cases, this percentage rose to 16% by 1996.  Currently, doctors prescribe three other drugs to beat the infections – gentamicin, nitrofurantoin, and ciprofloxacin hydrochloride. However, it is possible that bacteria will develop resistance to these drugs as well in the future. The study recommended that doctors monitor levels of drug resistance, and consider changing antibiotics if local resistance rates exceed 15-20%.

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Tips for Preventing Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

-          Good personal hygiene is key to urinary tract infection, bladder infection, and kidney infection prevention. Wash the skin between the rectum and vagina daily, and always wipe from front to back after urination or a bowel movement.

-          Thoroughly wash the pelvic area before and after sexual intercourse

-          Drink plenty of water and other fluids to help flush bacteria from the urinary system.

-          Promptly empty the bladder when the urge to urinate occurs. Don’t “hold it in.”

-          Consume adequate Vitamin C to make the urine acidic and less conducive to bacteria growth.

-          Avoid thongs and wear panties with a cotton crotch to allow moisture to escape.

-          Drink cranberry juice, or take over-the-counter cranberry supplements to help reduce bladder infection frequency.

-          Urinate before and after sexual intercourse to flush the bladder of bacteria.

-          Try changing sexual positions with your partner to cause less friction on the urethra.

-          The use of diaphragms or spermicidal gels for pregnancy prevention can increase your risk of developing a urinary tract infection. If you experience frequent UTI symptoms, try looking into other forms of birth control.

-          Don’t use douches or other feminine sprays in your pubic region.

-          Take showers instead of baths.

-          If you’re prone to urinary tract infections, talk to your doctor. He or she may do special tests to determine if daily medication may be beneficial.

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Bladder Infection

What is it?

Also known as inflammation of the bladder, cystitis, or urinary tract infection (UTI), 20% of women will have a bladder infection once in their lifetimes. This disorder is rarely found in men, but the probability increases for older men due in part to an increased prostate size.

Although they aren’t serious if treated promptly, urinary tract infections can be recurrent in some patients. If not treated promptly, a kidney infection may result, which could lead to permanent kidney damage.

What are the symptoms?

-A strong urge to urinate

-Burning or sharp pain when urinating

-Blood-tinged urine

- Soreness in the lower back, sides, or abdomen.

How is it treated?

If you think you have a urinary tract infection, see your doctor for a diagnosis. He or she may prescribe you antibiotics. It is important to take the medication as prescribed and continue the full course of treatment to prevent the infection from recurring. Your doctor may order a urinary test one week after the treatment is complete to be certain the infection is cured.

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